Healthy Living: October 8, 2019

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BANGOR, Maine (WABI) - Over 30 million Americans are diabetic, which is the leading cause of blindness, and 1/3 of diabetics have had an eye exam.

Microvascular disease behind the eye causes visual loss and blindness. Specifically, visual loss results from:
1. Diabetic Macular Edema: swelling caused by leaking injured blood vessels in the back of the eye
2. Ischemia: loss of blood vessels from the back of the eye
3. Retinal neovascularization: growth of abnormal blood vessels in back of the eye
4. Hemorrhage: bleeding from abnormal blood vessels growing in back of the eye
5. Retinal Detachment: tractional separation of photosensitive lining in back of eye caused by scarring and contraction of abnormal blood vessel growing in the back of the eye

Treatment options:
1. Laser
2. Intravitreal Injections: delivery of medicine to the inside of the eye
3. Surgery

References:
United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study
DRCR.net